Public address and emergency call system for the railway hub of MELZO (Milan - Italy)
Integrated system for public address and for emergency call specially suitable to be used for the management of
critical situations in areas of vast dimensions
It is based on the use of the IP technology and the Peer-to-Peer protocol of ERMES
Railway Hub of Melzo
Public address and Emergency Call unit
The railway junction of Melzo is an important hub for container movement which is located on the railway line Milan-Treviglio-Brescia and connects with
both Genoa and La Spezia with both Rotterdam and many other destinations on the Corridor 24.
Since the area of the hub can operate workers of many different companies it is necessary to dispose of a communication system for the emergencies that
not must be dependent by personal devices.
The requirement of the customer was to have a communication system suitable to connect immediately and in a simple and reliable way the personnel operating
in the wide area of the hub both with a local control room both with a remote control room that in future will make the oversight of other similar
systems. The dual purpose of this communication system is to let that the operators of the control room can provide instructions to the staff on field in
case of emergency and, at the same time, that the staff on field can give immediate signaling of potentially dangerous anomalous situations to the operator
of the control room.
The proposed solution is to adopt a system that integrates on the same apparatus the public address feature and the emergency
call feature as the SounLAN-E.UP321, that is an audio gateway Over IP produced by ERMES, that includes a 320W amplifier each of which controls
16 horn loudspeakers with 20W maximum power for the public address feature and, at the same time, an emergency call unit
with a large red call button for the emergency call feature.
The gateway and the accessories elements as the power supply and the devices that make the data network have been assembled in a stainless steel cabinet
for fixing on the pole that implements, thus, an integrated unit for public address and emergency call.
The field devices are managed by two separate control rooms, the first is located in the same area of the Melzo railway hub while the second is located
remotely in the Greco-Pirelli main control center where in future will be centralized similar systems installed in other railway hubs.
The system is based on the new audio gateway Over IP produced by ERMES that is equipped with an built-in amplifier with output for 100V audio line that
is available with 3 different output power levels: 80, 160 and 320W.
Mainly, these gateways implement the function of public address Over IP by interfacing the LAN to a group of connected speakers to audio lines at 100V but,
in addition, they can connect some external accessories that extend their use with some cool features.
For example, thanks to the presence of an audio input that lets you connect an external 0dB audio signal generated by an external analog source, if you
installed a public address system with background music in a hotel, you can use the gateway Over IP in order to implement a local amplification system in
a room for conferences or entertainment activities.
Another possible option, as in the case of the MELZO railway hub, is to connect a group consisting of button, microphone and speaker, to implement on the
same apparatus both the sound diffusion function both the emergency call function.
The installation of the cabinet
The Melzo plant consists of a series of tall poles about 6 meters installed along the tracks; at each pole is fixed a pair of horn loudspeakers oriented
in the direction opposite to each other so as to spread the sound in both directions. On a pole every 8 it is fastened a cabinet that contains the gateway
where the horn loudspeakers and other equipment like VDSL modems are connected that enable you to connect the ETHERNET network even if the distance between
the cabinets exceeds 100 meters.
In order to ensure good sound quality, the poles that support the speakers are placed at the distance of 40 meters from each other. The choice of the
distance between the poles and the power of each speaker is based on the following considerations:
- the sound pressure generated by a sound source decreases by 6 dB by doubling the distance because this parameter lessens with the square of the
distance compared to that present in the point where the sound is generated; therefore 20 mt far away from this point you will have an attenuation of the
sound pressure level of about 28dB
- the sound pressure of an audio signal in order to be perceptible to the human ear must be at least 3 dB higher than the background noise, while in
order to be clearly intelligible must be at least 10dB higher than the background noise
- in the affected area to the sound diffusion it is assumed a background noise of around 75 dB (average sound level of a railway station) and therefore
20 meters far away from the horn loudspeaker it will be necessary a sound pressure level of about 85dB
- usually, the manufacturers of the speakers provide the sound pressure at 1 mt, and therefore, according to previous data, the sound pressure generated
by the horn speaker at 1 mt must be at least 113dB
- for this system was chosen a 20W horn speaker with a sound pressure at one meter of 116dB in such way that by positioning the poles 40 meters from each
other each speaker must cover a distance of 20 meters
This type of solution can be used in all those cases in which it should install a public address system and emergency call system in areas that have
predominantly linear shape as in:
- Beach resort
- Avenues and city trails
- Sports facilities
- Industrial areas at risk (chemical plants, etc.)
- Campsites and amusement parks
- Multi-floor parking
- Port installations (piers, docks)
- Road, rail and subway galleries
Moreover, the audio gateways produced by ERMES, thanks to the ability to connect a local audio source on their 0dB input and the ability to manage an
emergency call unit, may provide an easy solution in order to solve many problem that you can find in structures such as large hotels or convention centers
where the public address system with background music must be integrated with specific needs in some special areas.
In fact, it will be very easy to add to the public address system with background music a local amplification system for conference halls or
entertainment areas or to complete the gateway with a unit for emergency calls that can be used in the safe areas for disable people as expected for the
hotels or the other structures with presence of public.
Ultimately the SoundLAN-E.UP gateways are the best solution in order to integrate in only one apparatus both the public address systems
both the emergency call systems.
If you would like more information, please contact us by filling in the form HERE !
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